UN-Habitat’s Urban Electric Mobility Initiative

Transport is an enabler of economic activity and social connectivity, but it is also the second largest and one of the fastest growing energy end-use sectors, representing 23% of global energy-related greenhouse gas emissions. The IPCC's synthesis report of 2 November 2014 says that reducing emissions is crucial for restricting global warming to 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels .Transport is also a source of local air pollution. WHO estimates that in 2012, 3.7 million deaths were caused by outdoor air pollution.

"Electric Mobility" or where vehicles including busses, cars and bikes are powered by electricity rather than internal combustion engines can reduce emissions, particularly when combined with a move to cleaner sources of energy. To maximise uptake and benefits of E-Mobility, cities should also make efforts to increase the modal share of Public transport and integrate Public Transport with Non-motorised transport while planning for more compact cities.

To reduce emissions from transport, while simultaneously improving access and mobility, UN-Habitat initiated the "Urban Electric Mobility" (UEMI) and launched it at the Secretary General's Climate Summit on 23 September 2014. The initiative will support demonstration projects on Electric Mobility in cities as well as knowledge sharing and policy dialogue. UEMI will also facilitate knowledge transfer and support the take-up of e-mobility solutions around the world. It will initiate a process of dialogue and gather commitments from local and national governments as well as businesses on e-mobility targets. Experience from the UEMI will inform the deliberations of the Climate Summit to be held in Paris in 2015 where a new global climate agreement is expected to be finalised. UEMI is also expected to be a part of the new urban agenda to be deliberated at the Habitat III conference in 2016.

UEMI will be implemented by a secretariat based in UN-Habitat and through collaboration with other international organisations including the International Energy Agency; related initiatives such as the Clean Energy Ministerial and C40 cities; leading knowledge and research- based organisations, the UN Global Compact; industry partners such as Michelin, Siemens and BYD ; and cities and city affiliations. 

More information is available at http://www.un.org/climatechange/summit/action-areas/

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