Kampala

Kampala

Burton Street KampalaWith 27 million inhabitants (2.2 million for Greater Kampala Metropolitan Area) in 2005, Uganda currently has the third highest population among the East African countries; however, if current growth rates persist, it could be the most populated country in East Africa by 2030 with an estimated 64 million people, having an enormous impact on the environmental, social and economic conditions in the region.

Urban transport in Uganda is currently facing a significant motorization rate with 50% of all vehicles operating within the City of Kampala. However, the majority of urban residents rely on poor public transport. Walking is still the dominant mode of transport in Kampala (with an average trip length of 4km) and while cycling has typically been a preferred mode for some, it has become more and more dangerous due to the absence of protected cycle ways paired with the high speed of motorized traffic and the poor driving habits of minibus drivers.

Related negative economic and environmental impacts are flanked by one of the lowest road safety standards worldwide. Moreover, health problems associated with air pollution have been on the rise. Key drivers for these trends include a poor and inadequate road system; high traffic congestion; and low standards for private and commercial vehicles. Chronic traffic jams in the city centre already lead to lower urban productivity and long travel times. As in most African cities, the urban transport sector is the most significant source of climate changing CO2 emissions. Related negative economic and environmental impacts are flanked by one of the lowest road safety standards worldwide.

The Feasibility Study for the Nairobi Mass Rapid Transit System has been completed and is nearing the point of approval from the national government. The next steps will be to determine if the national government, in conjunction with the donor community, are to proceed to a pilot project stage. The Ministry of Works and Transport are in the midst of procuring a consultant to undertake the detailed design and operation planning for the first Bus Rapid Transit corridor in Kampala.

The Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP) is providing technical assistance and coordinate the project management unit (PMU) for Kampala. 

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